C Panel Access Menu
There are many sophisiticated FTP utilites available, and for web site maintenance, you should have one installed on your workstation. However, cPanel does provide a free web based File Manager utility which will allow you to manage your files, and set file permissions.
Setting File Permissions:
All files and directories on a TCH supported web site can be assigned access permissions. This simply indicates whether a person (user) is allow to read, write/modify, or execute a file. These permissions are usually denoted by using the letters r, w and x. And you can have various combinations. A dash (-) symbol is used to denote denying a particular permission.
r-x Read and execute a file, but not modify it
rw- Read and modify a file, but not execute it
r-- Read a file only
--x Execute a file only
rwx Read, modify and execute a file
Additionally, each of the three permissions have a numberic value assigned to them:
By adding up the values, we have a shorthand notation of permissions.
r- x5 r=4, x=1; 4+1=5
rw- 6 r=4,w=2; 4+2=6
r-- 4 r=4
--x 1 x=1
rwx 7 r=4,w=2,x=1; 4+2+1=7
Additionally, there are three groups of users that you can set these access permissions for: you (the owner), others with login access to your web site (group), and everyone else (others).
rwx r-x r-x -or- 755
the owner can read, write and execute the file (rwx)
those in the group can read and execute the file (r-x)
others can read and execute the file (r-x)
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